Making and Knowing
A minimal edition of BnF Ms Fr 640 in English Translation

- - - - - folio image: 045v - - - - -

Loading an arquebus

You must have different charges depending to the range that you want your arquebus to have, all of which have a screw on the end that fits in the nut of the the said arquebus’ ramrod. So when you put the powderpowder in the charge, which is in the nut, hold the ramrod upright. And raising your arquebus up, insert the said ramrod until the charge is in the bottom of the arquebus, then straighten the arquebus, the mouth of the barrel up, and remove the ramrod. That way, your powder will now be entirely in the breech without any grain or dust that lines the sides of the arquebus, which always has some grime in the chamber. That way it will not recoil, and you will shoot more true.

Figure at left middle margin of folio 045v Figure