Making and Knowing
A minimal edition of BnF Ms Fr 640 in English Translation



Sohini Chattopadhyay

Sohini Chattopadhyay is a PhD student in the History of the Modern South Asia with interests in History of Science and public health, history of colonialism, urban history, and genealogies of the dead body. Her research interests are in reorganizations of burial and cremation patterns through different techniques and machines, and in making new uses of dead bodies in the 19th and 20th centuries, in Bombay, Calcutta and New Delhi. She especially focuses on urban municipalities and their interfaces with new groups that grew to assist in burials and cremations and to pose questions on rituals and ‘colonial science’. She also has a keen interest in exploring digital tools that help in research analysis and representation. Prior to this, she received an M.A. in Modern Indian History from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Benjamin Hiebert

Benjamin is a first year PhD student in the history department at Columbia University. He is broadly interested in the intellectual and cultural history of early modern Europe, and more specifically in the history of the human sciences during the eighteenth century. He graduated with a degree in history and political science from the University of California, Davis in 2014. Benjamin participated in the “Craft and Science” lab course of the Making and Knowing Project in Fall 2016

Jiayi Li

Originally from Shenzhen, China, Jiayi received his Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts and Sciences from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He majored in history and economics, and he graduated magna cum laude and with highest distinction in history. He also received a Bachelor of Science in Engineering Physics with highest honors. During Jiayi’s undergraduate studies, he was interested in the role Chinese students had played in US-China relations since the Boxer Rebellion. He participated in the production of two documentaries about Chinese students at the University of Illinois, and his senior thesis was about the transnational experience of American-trained Chinese scientists during the Cold War. His current research interests include transnational history of the Cold War, modern Chinese intellectual history, modern Chinese political history, and interdisciplinary approaches to history. Beyond academics, Jiayi is active in community service. He is also a huge fan of sports, and he loves playing soccer, basketball, and golf.

Xiaomeng Liu

Xiaomeng Liu is a PhD student in history at the University of Hong Kong. His research focuses on the transformation of pharmaceutical technology in late imperial and modern China. In his research, he seeks to understand how a traditional craft of drug making was transformed by the involvement of modern machines, and how the process changed the manufacturing, marketing and consuming of what we call today “Chinese medicine”. During his residencey at the Center for Science and Society, he is participating in the Making and Knowing Project.

Nikhil Ramachandran

Middle Eastern, South Asian, and African Studies. MA student

Wenrui Zhao

Early Modern History in Department of History. PhD student.


Pamela H Smith

Pamela H. Smith, Seth Low Professor of History, specializes in early modern European history and the history of science. Her current research focuses on attitudes to nature in early modern Europe and the Scientific Revolution, with particular attention to craft knowledge and historical techniques. She is founding director of the Making and Knowing Project, founding director of the Center for Science and Society, and chair of the Presidential Scholars in Society and Neuroscience

Terry Catapano

Terry Catapano is the Making and Knowing Project’s Digital Lead, overseeing the development, maintenance, and preservation of the Project’s digital assets. He is a Librarian and Special Collections Analyst in Columbia Libraries’ Division of Digital Library and Scholarly Technologies. As Chair of the Society of American Archivists’ Schema Development Team, he was responsible for the development of Encoded Archival Description version 3, and is a member of the ArchivesSpace Technical Advisory Group and the Editorial Board for the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS). Terry is also Vice President of Plazi Verein, leading the development of the TaxPub extension of the National Library of Medicine/National Center for Biotechnology Information Journal Publishing DTD, and working on digitizing, text mining, and providing open access to the literature of biological systematics, including collaborations with WikiData, the Encylopedia of Life, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), ZooBank, and CERN.

Tianna Uchacz

Lecturer-in-Discipline (Department of History, Columbia University) and Research Fellow (Chemical Heritage Foundation), Tianna is a Making and Knowing Project Postdoctoral Scholar from 2016 through 2019. She is an art historian specializing in sixteenth-century Netherlandish art. She received her PhD in 2016 from the University of Toronto with Ethan Matt Kavaler on the role of the sensual nude in Netherlandish art and culture before Iconoclasm. Tianna held the inaugural James Loeb Fellowship for the Classical Tradition in Art and Architecture at the Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte in Munich from May to July 2016, where she addressed an experimental approach to masculinity in Maerten van Heemskerck’s male nudes. At the Chemical Heritage Foundation, she is assisting with a collection digitization project. She is currently working on a book-length manuscript on the Netherlandish nude before Iconoclasm. She is also in the early stages of a new project on the art and intellectual culture of later Renaissance Bruges, with a particular focus on the work of Marcus Gheeraerts.

Teaching Assistants

Atif Ahmed

Computer Science, MA student

Mehul Kumar

Computer Science, MA student

Varsha Maragi

Computer Science, MA student

Jeffrey Wayno

Jeffrey is a CLIR-DLF Postdoctoral Fellow for Data Curation in Medieval Studies at Columbia University. He received his PhD in medieval history from Columbia in 2016, having studied previously at Princeton (AB, 2007) and University College London (MA, 2009). He studies the history of Europe in the High Middle Ages, with a focus on the papacy, the institutional development of the Church, and the history of communication. Currently, in addition to working on several digital humanities projects at the Columbia University Libraries, he is working on a book manuscript tentatively titled, Empire of Influence: Reimagining the High Medieval Papacy.

Center for Teaching and Learning

Lucy Appert

Lucy Appert is the Associate Director of Faculty Programs and Services. She leads the CTL’s innovative project partnerships with faculty using its Design Research methodology. She is the first point of contact for inquiries about grant-funded opportunities and other partnerships requiring video, creative design, or development resources. Her areas of special interest include digital literacy, digital humanities, and project-based learning. Prior to joining the CTL, Lucy served as Director of Educational Technology for New York University’s Liberal Studies Program, where she led the team providing instructional technology solutions for Liberal Studies faculty and students in New York and at NYU’s Global Sites. She was also a faculty member in the program and has more than 20 years of teaching experience, having taught at Tulane, Vanderbilt, and Yale, in addition to NYU. Lucy holds a Ph.D. in 17th & 18th c. British literature from Tulane University and a B.A. in Classics and English from UNC-Chapel Hill. An active member of the larger educational technology community, Lucy speaks and writes about IT/academic collaborations, digital pedagogy, and open source practices. She serves as Vice Chair of the Board of Directors for the Apereo Foundation, an open source educational technology consortium.

Jessica Brodsky

Jessica Brodsky is a Learning Designer at the CTL. She does instructional design and project management for several Massive Open Online Courses. She also works with colleagues at the CTL to offer programs for faculty interested in redesigning their courses along the flipped classroom model. Prior to joining the CTL, Jessica was the Digital and Online Learning Designer at Brown University’s Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning. At the Sheridan Center, she worked with faculty, students, and staff on a variety of digital and online projects to enrich teaching and learning at Brown and beyond. Jessica received her B.A. in Science and Society with a focus on Science Communication from Brown University. She is also part of an interdisciplinary research team studying visualizations in science education.

Michelle Hall

Michelle Hall is the Director of Programs and Services for the Columbia University Medical Center. She provides cross-campus leadership and direction around services, technology platforms, and faculty development aimed at faculty and academic departments. Michelle has designed and developed numerous successful educational technology programs and workshops for faculty at Columbia University. Before joining the CTL, Michelle worked as an instructional designer, creating web-based learning courses for Citigroup’s Risk Management division and McGraw Hill Construction’s Continuing Education Center. Prior to that, she served for several years as a secondary-school teacher of biology and chemistry in Barbados. Michelle has an M.A. in Computing and Education from Teachers College. She is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Cognitive Studies in Education at Teachers College. Michelle volunteers her program design and communications talents to Global Doctors for Choice, an international network of physicians that advocates for access to safe, comprehensive, evidence-based reproductive health care.

Computer Graphics and User Interfaces Lab

Steven Feiner

Steven K. Feiner (PhD, Brown) is Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University, where he directs the Computer Graphics and User Interfaces Lab. His research interests include human-computer interaction, augmented reality and virtual environments, 3D user interfaces, knowledge-based design of graphics and multimedia, mobile and wearable computing, computer games, and information visualization.

Carmine Elvezio

Carmine Elvezio is a staff associate in the Computer Graphics and User Interfaces Lab at Columbia University. His research interests include interaction and visualization techniques in augmented and virtual reality and system design of real-time interactive 3D graphics applications. He received his MS in Computer Science from Columbia University in 2012 and his BS in Computer Science from the Polytechnic Institute of New York University in 2010.

Noah Zweben

I’m a senior at Columbia University studying Computer Science. In my free time I love painting, drawing, arranging choral music for my a cappella group, and coding music and computer vision projects. I also enjoy canoeing, windsurfing and camping.

Xin (Amy) Xu

Project Administration

Naomi Rosenkranz

Naomi Rosenkranz, Making and Knowing Project Manager, serves as the main administrative liaison between the various research, editorial, and digital activities of the Project staff, collaborators, and participants. She supports the historical reconstruction research, oversees the Project’s chemical laboratory, and maintains the digital collaboration systems. She studied physics at Barnard College (class of 2015), concentrating her research experiences in materials science and engineering (including synthesis and characterization of superconductors and photoconductive properties of organic nanorods). In 2014-15, she served as the inaugural Science Resident in Conservation with Columbia’s Ancient Ink Lab, identifying and characterizing ancient carbon-based inks. She continued her investigation of inks at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, working with the departments of Scientific Research and Paper Conservation to examine medieval iron-tannate black inks through recipe reconstructions and spectral analysis in January 2017.

Caroline Surman

Caroline Surman, Making and Knowing Project Assistant since January 2017, studied Anthropology with a minor in Environmental Science at Barnard College (class of 2016). In 2014, Caroline completed an anthropological study of craftsmen in New York City, focusing on the role of gender, class, and education in the art vs. craft dichotomy. From 2013-2016, she served as a Student Coordinator with the Barnard Clay Collective, a student-run fully-functioning ceramic studio open to the Columbia community where she focused on administrative management and assisted in teaching ceramic techniques.

Ludovic Touze-Peiffer

Special Thanks

Dennis Tenen

Dennis Tenen’s research happens at the intersection of people, texts, and technology. His recent work appears on the pages of Amodern, boundary 2, Computational Culture, Modernism/modernity, Public Books, and LA Review of Books on topics that range from book piracy to algorithmic composition, unintelligent design, and history of data visualization. He teaches a variety of classes in fields of literary theory, new media studies, and critical computing in the humanities. Tenen is a co-founder of Columbia’s Group for Experimental Methods in the Humanities and author of the forthcoming Plain Text: The Poetics of Computation (Stanford UP, 2017).

Alexander Gil

B.A., Florida International University (2000), Ph.D., University of Virginia (2012). Alex Gil specializes in twentieth-century Caribbean literature and Digital Humanities, with an emphasis on textual studies. His recent research in Caribbean literature focuses on the works and legacy of Aimé Césaire, including work in Aimé Césaire: Poésie, théâtre, essais et discours published by Planète Libre in 2013. He has published in journals and collections of essays in Canada, France and the United States, while sustaining an open-access and robust online research presence. In 2010-2012 he was a fellow at the Scholars’ Lab and NINES at the University of Virginia. He is founder and vice chair of the Global Outlook::Digital Humanities initiative and the co-founder and co-director of the Group for Experimental Methods in the Humanities and the Studio@Butler at Columbia University. He serves as Co-editor for Small Axe: Archipelagos and Multilingual Editor for Digital Humanities Quarterly. Alex Gil is actively engaged in several digital humanities projects at Columbia and around the world, including Ed, a digital platform for minimal editions of literary texts; the Open Syllabus Project; the Translation Toolkit; and, In The Same Boats, a visualization of trans-atlantic intersections of black intellectuals in the 20th century.


The Making and Knowing Project

The Center for Science and Society

Department of History

Columbia University Libraries

Department of Computer Science

Columbia’s Group for Experimental Methods in the Humanities (xpMethod)

History in Action

Provost Hybrid Learning Course Redesign and Delivery

The Center for Teaching and Learning

Collaboratory@Columbia Fellows Fund